Table 3-1: Transportation Fatalities by Mode (Number of people)


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Canada
United States
Mexico
Canada
United States
Mexico

 

Notes:

  All countries

Fatalities, total: For the United States, the number for total fatalities is less than the sum of the fatalities listed for individual modes because some fatalities are counted in more than one mode. That is, the United States has corrected for double counting in calculating total fatalities (see technical notes). For Canada, the total shown is the sum of the modal totals and has not been corrected for double counting.

(Note also, that Canadian fatality data for transit does not exist nor does Canadian fatality data for recreational boats for 1990. These data, if available, would increase the overall fatality totals for Canada.) For Mexico, the total is the sum of air, road, rail and water.

Air: Mexico, United States and Canada include fatalities from both passenger and all-cargo flights. For Canada and the United States, the air carrier data are for their own national flag carriers, operating both domestic and international flights.

Road: Data refer to occupants of the road motor vehicles listed. Other comprises pedalcyclists, other nonmotorists (except pedestrians, who are separately listed) and occupants of other or unknown motor vehicles.

Road: For road especially, it is important to note that the United States and Canada (except for the Province of Quebec) count all fatalities that occur within 30 days of the crash (and can be attributed to the crash), whereas Mexico counts those fatalities that occur at the site of the crash. See technical notes, All Countries.

Water transport: United States and Canadian data are not comparable in several respects. See technical notes, All Countries.

  Mexico

Air: The record of fatalities pertains to accidents which occurred in the Mexican territory to national and foreign aircrafts, independently of the type of service of the aircraft (passengers, freight or both). Includes those that died at the site of the accident and those that died after the accident.

Road: The total refers to deaths in federal areas, urban and suburban. Including 5 224, 5 148, 4 864, 4 650, 4 603, 4 710, 4 908, 5 398, 5 379 and 4 870 deaths in road accidents federal network in 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009. These data were not available according to the categories listed, but are included in the total of this mode of transport. Subsequent to 2009, the number of deaths by road accidents are included according to the concepts detailed for such deaths.  Data for 1997 are not available, under which the characteristics of the information captured impede the generation of statistics (see section Technical Documentation). The number of fatalities occurred on federal highways is not included in data years 2013 to 2015.

Rail: Total refers to fatalities in federal, urban and interurban zones. The accidents in grade crossing are those that occur in the crossing among a railroad and another type of road. Data for fatalities refers to the number of persons that died in the event as a consequence of the accident. Up to 1996, data are provided from INEGI; since 1997 data come from SCT.

Water transport: The record of fatalities reflects events which occurred in the Mexican territory to national and foreign ships, independently of the type of service of the ships (passengers, freight or both). Includes those that died at the site of the accident and those that died after the accident.

  United States

Revised numbers are revised from the original sources.

Air: For 1991, U.S. air carrier figure does not include 12 persons killed aboard a commuter aircraft when it and a US Air airliner collided; commuter air carrier figure does not include 22 persons killed aboard a US Air airliner when it and a commuter aircraft collided. For 2001, those in which an illegal act was responsible for an occurrence are included in this category. These acts, such as suicide and sabotage, are included in the totals for accidents and fatalities. Other than the persons aboard aircraft who were killed, fatalities resulting from the September 11 terrorist acts are excluded from this table.

Water transport: Data for “Commercial passenger vessels” and “Commercial freight vessels” include foreign flag vessels within U.S. jurisdiction.

Sources:
  Canada

Air: Transportation Safety Board of Canada. Statistical Summary: Aviation Occurrences. http://www.bst-tsb.gc.ca/eng/stats/aviation/2015/ssea-ssao-2015-tbls.asp (accessed October 19, 2016)

Road: Transport Canada. Road Safety and Motor Vehicle Regulation. National Collision Data Base (special tabulations).

Pipeline: Transportation Safety Board of Canada. Pipeline Occurrences and Casualty Statistics. http://www.bst-tsb.gc.ca/eng/stats/pipeline/2015/ssep-sspo-2015.asp (accessed October 19, 2016)

Rail: Transportation Safety Board of Canada. Statistical Summary: Railway Occurrences. http://www.bst-tsb.gc.ca/eng/stats/rail/2015/sser-ssro-2015-tbls.asp (accessed October 19, 2016).

Water, commercial passenger and freight vessels: Transportation Safety Board of Canada. Statistical Summary: Marine Occurrences. http://www.bst-tsb.gc.ca/eng/stats/marine/2015/ssem-ssmo-2015-tbls.asp (accessed October 19, 2016).

Water, recreational boats: 1995-2000: Canadian Red Cross. Drownings and Other Water-Related Injuries in Canada, 1991-2000. Module 3: Boating and Powerboats. http://www.redcross.ca/article.asp?id=32300&tid=024 (accessed May 18, 2011).

2001-2008: Canadian Red Cross. Boating Immersion and Trauma Deaths in Canada: 18 Years of Research. http://www.redcross.ca/article.asp?id=32300&tid=024 (accessed October 31, 2012).

  Mexico

Air carriers: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil. (Mexico City.: various years).

Road: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. Dirección General de Estadísticas Económicas, based on data collected from Seguridad Pública y Vialidad, Estatal y/o Municipal. In the case of Mexico City are considered, Agencias del Ministerio Público or Juzgados Cívicos (Mexico City.: various years).

Rail Grade crossing: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México. 1990, 1995 y 1996. (Mexico City.: various years). Dirección General de Tarifas, Transporte Ferroviario y Multimodal. (Mexico City.: 1997-2004). As from 2005: Dirección General de Transporte Ferroviario y Multimodal. (Mexico City.: various years).

Road (in areas under federal jurisdiction): Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. The data was provided by the then Dirección General de Policía Federal de Caminos y Puertos (until 1998); and later by the Policía Federal de Caminos (1999). Until 2012, the figures for 2000-2009 were provided by the Policía Federal Preventiva belonging to the Secretaría de Seguridad Pública (Mexico, DF: various years). From 2013, the data subsequent to 2009, were provided by the Polciía Federal belonging to the Comisión Nacional de Seguridad. (Mexico, DF: various years).

Water: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Coordinación General de Puertos y Marina Mercante. (Mexico City.: various years).

  United States

U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics, table 2-1, available at http://www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportation_statistics.