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Trade data in this table are customs based.
For imports, the mode of transport information represents the last mode of transport by which the cargo was transported to the port of clearance in Canada. This may not be the mode of transport by which the cargo arrived at the Canadian port of entry if the cargo are cleared by Canadian Customs at an inland port.
Exports by land modes of transportation in this table represents Canadian trade with a second country that were transshipped via a third country, generally the United States. For exports, the mode of transport information represents the mode of transport by which the international boundary is crossed. For Canadian exports via the United States to other overseas countries, the mode reported would be the mode used to cross the Canadian/U.S. border.
The data for Canadian merchandise imports and exports with Mexico and the U.S. in Table 6-1a differ from the data for imports and exports reported by Mexico and the U.S. in tables 6-1b and 6-1c because of differences in how each country defines, collects, and processes what is included in its merchandise trade statistics. See the technical documentation for this table for further discussion.
Statistics Canada. International Accounts and Trade Division. Custom Table.
US/Canada Exchange Rates (Yearly average):
1990, 1995-96: International Monetary Fund. International Financial Statistics Yearbook, 2001.
1997-2015: Bank of Canada.